You will usually stain or finish your wood veneer after it is glued down, but you can apply your stain or finish before gluing if you choose. Open your can of gel stain. The one drawback to water based polyurethane is that it doesn’t give the luster or patina that a petroleum based polyurethane varnish gives. Do you have to prime wood before stain? Wood veneer sheets are real wood. Apply Gel Stain. I carefully applied carpenters glue underneath and put a weight on to hold it down. I suspect it is glue that has seeped up into the bottom layer of veneer. Titebond, Elmer’s,etc) or to the 3M peel and stick veneers or to the wood backed veneers. However, wax finishes give very little protection and successive coats of wax must be applied on a regular basis, forever. Read the instructions on the can of your stain to see how long to leave it on. I shared the makeover of a Mid Century Modern Credenza last week where I used General Finishes Gel Stain over the existing finish on the piece and wanted to share how I did that.. Some stains are available as a finish and a stain all in one. Water Based Polyurethane varnish is a good choice for finishing wood veneers. A rule of thumb: Two or three coats at first. Can I take a sander to it to refinish it? For the purposes of this article, we will stick to wax, penetrating finishes, shellac, lacquer, water based polyurethane varnish, and petroleum based polyurethane varnish. … Some people use a fine steel wool pad. For a darker look, you can do multiple layers of stain and sand lightly in between the coats, which are not a must. You can read even more about veneer furniture, and why it’s used in woodworking here. The luster will soon fade and successive coats will need to be applied to restore the finished look. Great news, most veneer is thick enough to stain. You can see the wood is still kind of tinted a darkish color. You can stain any oak veneer in minutes using a soft cloth. If the finish is really thick, you may want to do another coat of stripper. Using 150 grit sandpaper sand in the direction of the veneer grain. To counteract this, you can sand a bit. Due to high solvent content, penetrating finishes soak down into the wood. The table is made of engineered wood with a "birch" veneer (I have this in quotations, because I'm not sure if the veneer is even wood.) This will be a lil messy! Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In those cases, hand sanding or extremely careful orbital pad sanding can remove the surface stain and gloss coat, then it can be restained and clear-coated from there - assuming you want pretty much the same or darker color stain. The final coat can be brushed on, but you will get best results if you spray the final coat using an aerosol spray. Handling of the material and storage for long periods of time can result in a loss of finish .You can either use an electronic finishing sander or hand sand … Apply Gel Stain. Veneers are generally very thin, so sanding off the old finish can damage them beyond repair. Any scratches will be enhanced by stain. My veneer had some lifting on the edges. The fumes really do permeate the whole house. The easiest stains to use are the oil based stains and the solvent based stains and that’s what we will talk about here. Use a. Finishing wood veneer with wax is easy and you get a good looking surface quickly and easily. Lacquer imparts a deep, rich finish that is serviceable, but with limited durability. Otherwise, lightly sand the surface of the wood, then apply a thick coat of stain … You can spray without wiping dyes or top coats tinted with dye. Finishing wood veneers with lacquer is quick and easy. After you stain the veneer, you want to protect it! Sanding between coats is always necessary when using finishes such as varnish, shellac, lacquer. Sanding not only affects the staining process but also the appearance. Lacquers  might penetrate through a paper backed veneer to the glue layer. If I lightly sand it, will it accept stain? Apply light, even coats that go in the direction of the grain. Sand between coats. The stripper is used for removing the finish and stain – the sanding is just to smooth the any scratches. Most of the veneers sold on this website have been pre sanded at our factory and further sanding of the raw wood veneer surface may not be necessary. I decided to stain the drawers and paint the body to match the dresser in my room. Let it dry as per the … (If it does lift, you can usually iron it back down.) This tutorial only works on real wood veneer. If you are using contact cement for your glue, this could loosen the contact cement. Sometimes that is necessary, but if you … In this video, I answer a simple question about engineered hardwood flooring. Veneer furniture is a thin layer of real wood. *You cannot skip sanding when you stain. It is the ability to sand the surface that determines whether you can remove the existing finish. Reach out if you have any other questions. Refer to “Sanding Wood Veneers 101”  in this tutorial, above. Titebond, Elmer’s,etc) or to the 3M peel and stick veneers or to the wood backed veneers. To get the most beautiful results, you should strip the table down to the bare wood veneer. Sanding usually isn't necessary when using stains, waxes and oil finishes. Many woodworkers will apply decorative veneer to furniture pieces to give them a more refined, attractive look. After that, apply the wood conditioner, then the stain and finally apply the finish. You can use the sponge as needed. When using stains, wax, penetrating finishes or oil finishes, you may need to apply more than 1 coat. I always start off lifting the veneer at the corners. Let me tell you, this stuff has a really strong smell. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. You want to be very careful not to sand through the veneer, so don’t sand over one spot for too long. Any scratches will be enhanced by stain. If you can do your piece in a well ventilated garage or separate space it is probably best. Apologies for the delayed response. On the other hand, it is surprising how much sanding a veneered surface can take. The drawback to wax, stains, penetrating finishes and oil finishes is that the aren't durable. However, most of our veneers are pre sanded at the factory and you may not need to do any sanding to the raw wood veneer surface. The best way to stain bathroom floor cabinets is to first sand the wood. You will need to let the stain dry for about 48 hours before you can varnish it. Re-Veneer the Entire Top ‘Patch’ Veneer the Sand-Through Area; Tile the Top; Decoupage The Top; Just Paint Over It [box] Older pieces of furniture have a standard veneer that is approximately 1/16″ to 1/20″ thick. The object is to get a smooth surface that is free of scratches and flaws before you apply the next coat of finish. It isn't real wood underneath and would not take stain … However, be careful if you’re using an electric or belt sander, because … Gel stain is a very popular option for reviving wood pieces. Apply light, even coats, using brush strokes that go in the direction of the grain. Veneer is thin, and sanding too deep can ruin it. Some veneers are so thin that, by sanding the surface, you actually wind up sanding through the veneer at the same time. Take a seat, grab something warm to drink & stay a while. Solvent based stains might penetrate through a paper backed veneer to the glue layer. In your case with maple ply, wiping stain would be a challenge no matter how you first apply it due to the blotchy and uneven way maple talks a stain. Open your can of gel stain… Our two top choices for finishes: First:  petroleum based polyurethane varnish. Sanding will also help open up the pores of the wood so that they can absorb stain better. My advice is to paint it with chalk paint. When applying a finish, always sand between coats. NOTE: Because wood veneer is actuallyreal wood (and often has a beautiful wood grain), you CAN stain and varnish it! Afterall, you will still need to sand down. We opened all of the windows in the area – since I was staining in place. Regardless of the finish, the wood veneer surface must clean and free of dirt, dust and contaminants. In my post How to Gel Stain Furniture, I give you step-by-step instructions on how to re-stain furniture without having to use a furniture stripper and minimal sanding. You may need to sand your veneer when you apply a finish or a wood stain. Veneer is wood. If you want to stain the wood lighter or if the wood has a lacquered finish, you will need to strip or sand away the original finish. The water-based stain can raise the grain, and you can do light sanding for a better finish. I think one misconception is that you have to strip and sand a piece down to bare wood before you can re-stain it. Work in a low humidity environment that is well ventilated and at a temperature of at least 55 degrees F.  Apply the first few coats with a brush. So inevitably, (especially if you want to stain and finish plywood), you are going to need to sand down its surface – and smooth out those rough edges. Using 150 grit sandpaper sand in the direction of the veneer grain. It does dry to a very hard finish and it can be a pain to have to sand a ton of it off if you just glob it on there really thick. I would seal the surface with one coat of shellac (dewaxed only – Seal Coat), before varnishing or using polyurethane, this will prevent the varnish or urethane from re-wetting or lifting the stain which will still be a bit sensitive to mineral spirits at this point. I have the staining stuff and the clear coat bit I need to know if I can sand it down. Apply at least 3 coats of Lacquer to the veneered surface. One way to mitigate the penetration of a lacquer finish is to apply a coat or two of shellac first, then finish off the process with lacquer. I love two tone MCM furniture. When using shellac, varnish, lacquer, you will need to apply more than 1 coat. Because pressed wood furniture does not accept stain well, you should … You want to be very careful not to sand through the veneer, so don’t sand … Apply light, even coats that go in the direction of the grain. If you are fortunate enough to have a piece with a 1/4-inch veneer, the piece will respond perfectly to this refinishing process. This warning does not apply to Woodworker’s glue (eg. This warning does not apply to Woodworker’s glue (eg. Apply the wax with a clean rag, let sit for a minute, wipe off. There are at least two other options that I will mention. I think one misconception is that you have to strip and sand a piece down to bare wood before you can re-stain it. However, gel stripper will workk it you keep it away from the glue and don't let it soak in too long. Today’s veneers can be as thin as 1/28″ to 1/40″. It isn't real wood underneath and would not take stain well. One option to repair it is to find a piece of matching veneer, cut it to size and glue it on. Wipe off. It is possible to refinish some wood veneer furniture. How do you feel about veneer furniture? You can use traditional strippers; however, more environmentally friendly products are now available. If you have a piece of furniture that is still in great working shape, but looks terrible, wood veneers are a great way to spruce up a piece of furniture. Its actually an ancient art that dates all the way back to the Egyptian time period! Start with 80 grit to remove big scratches and imperfections, then move up to 120 and finally 220 grit. One drawback to using stains is that they tend to dull down the luster of the wood. If you are using contact cement for your glue, this could loosen the contact cement. It’s especially nice to work with because of its consistency and coverage. You may need to sand your veneer when you apply a finish or a wood stain. Make sure you sand evenly and get the finish off. You can stain any oak veneer in minutes using a soft cloth. Pressed wood furniture is composed of particle board finished with a veneer to give it the appearance of solid wood. A common question I receive is can you stain wood veneer? The process for applying stain is the same as staining any other wood. If the veneer is really thick, sanding can take a super long time. Your email address will not be published. A Rundown on Veneer Sanding. The fumes really do permeate the whole house. If you do oxalic, you'll probably need to strip off the finish coat you put on. Then hand sand with 220 grit sand paper on a … To darken it up and make it match the rest of the veneer, use Gel Stain in the closest color. For information on staining fake wood laminate, read this post. Before you can refinish veneer cabinets, you must strip off the old finish. Staining veneer furniture is so easy and it’s a great alternative to painting! Staining and finishing wood veneers. If you’re seeing heavy paint strokes, go ahead and smooth them out This warning does not apply to Woodworker’s glue (eg. Electric Sander or Sanding by Hand? Start with 80 grit to remove big scratches and imperfections, then move up to 120 and finally 220 grit. Open and mix a can of oil- or water-based wood stain if you plan to stain the table. Sand the veneered furniture with 120-grit sandpaper just enough to rough up the wood surface. First is your idea of sanding down to the substrate and applying veneer. Use your judgment. You can apply a stain to your wood veneer if you want to, but you don’t have to. Wipe the wood with a tack cloth and lightly sand again with 220-grit sandpaper to smooth the wood surface. A really good glue to use is Titebond Cold Press Veneer Glueand apply it on … After all, you have put a lot of work and effort and pride into your veneering project. Wood stains usually darken the wood more than you expect. Sand in the direction of the grain ("with" the grain). I totally understand wanting to finish it inside. The good thing is, if you are not satisfied with how your coverup looks, as long as the glaze has not dried completely, you can wipe it off with its appropriate solvent. To start, apply furniture stripper to remove the finish. Its important to pay particular attention to the finishing process. If you want to stain over an existing stain on wood, choose a shade that is darker than the original stain. Do some testing ahead of time. In this project I will show you how to stain a veneer table top, dresser top or any other smooth veneer surface. I decided to stain the drawers and paint the body to match the dresser in my room. This warning does not apply to shellac finishes or to varnish finishes. One coat a day for a week, one coat a week for a month, one coat a month thereafter. Paint the first coat of stain or paint onto the wood with a good-quality brush. 1 Sand the surface of the oak veneer by hand with a folded piece of 180-grit sandpaper to remove loose fibers and rough spots. It is best to sand very … Use your putty knife to smooth the Bondo into the missing section. If it is necessary to sand against the grain, be sure to follow up by sanding the area "with" the grain. Avoid flooding wood with stain. Finishing wood veneer with wax is easy and you get a good looking surface quickly and easily. So unless you are restoring an antique, I recommend an easier method. Sanding will also help open up the pores of the wood so that they can absorb stain better. Make sure to clean all that dust off your furniture before you paint or stain. I use Klean Strip 15 minute Stripper. We’ve got three young kids so we’re always looking for ways to work efficiently. You want it to be higher than the existing veneer so you have room to sand, but try not to overfill it too much. Make sure you sand the wood well before applying stain. Check out this post where I paint the rest of this veneer buffet table in a fun, mustard color! Do you snatch it up, or pass? You will need to let the stain dry for about 48 hours before you can varnish it. You may need to do a few coats because the wood filler likes to absorb the stain! As you might expect, veneered … However, wax finishes give very little protection and successive coats of wax must be applied on a regular basis, Getting a good finish using wax, stain, penetrating finishes and oil finishes is pretty easy. I’ll more likely stain the veneer and find a way to hide the damaged veneer — behind sheet-music holders, for instance. The coarsness of the grit is described by a number. Wood (in this case wood veneer) absorbs stain, so if your piece isn’t sanded evenly it won’t absorb evenly. Your email address will not be published. Sand between coats. More times than none, the wood underneath is in great shape, protected by the veneer, and has tons of character. Buff if necessary. Note: most of the veneers sold on this website are pre sanded at our factory and you may not need to do any additional sanding. Sand between coats. A 100 grit would probably equate to “medium”. You’re not alone. Rob Johnstone: What I have for you is not good news. A lacquer finish may have even been applied. Veneered furniture can be refinished like other wood furniture, as long as the veneer is not too thin, and you take care not to remove too much of the veneer when removing the old finish. Work in a low humidity environment and a temperature of at least 55 degrees F.  Apply the first few coats with a brush. It is impossible to address all of the different types of finishes that can be used to finish a wood veneered surface. With each successive coat of finish, you should sand with finer and finer grits. You can make a jig to run a router in so that you get a perfect rectangle hole just deep enough to fit a new piece of veneer or you can route deeper and make your own solid wood shin to glue in. Veneer is a thin covering of fine wood that’s often applied to thicker wood pieces. The direction of your paint strokes and rough up your sandpaper so avoid scratching the gel. Apply at least 3 coats of Shellac. Since the veneer is very thin, you want to sand as little as possible. Be aware that steel wool leaves small shards metal on the surface. This will be the most likely … Laminate wood veneer how to paint how to paint and stain laminate chic refinishing a wood veneer table how to gel stain fake wood furniture. Penetrating finishes will probably penetrate through a paper backed veneer to the glue layer. Wipe it clean with a tack cloth. This post contains a few affiliate links to help you … When using shellac, varnish, lacquer, you, Finishing Wood Veneers With Penetrating Finishes, Finishing Wood Veneers With Water Based Polyurethane Varnish, Gluing Wood Veneers With Contact Cement Q&A, Gluing Wood Veneers With Woodworkers Glue, Staining And Finishing Wood Veneers For Dummies, Wood Backed Wood Veneer, 2 Ply Wood Veneer Q&A, Wood Veneer Sheets Remnants Deals $9.00 Postpaid, Wood Veneer Sheets Savings & Wood Veneer Deals. I like to sand between top coats with the 220. I apply the oil based stain in the direction of the grain with an old lint free rag or T-shirt. Penetrating finishes are petroleum based. Strictly speaking, porcelain veneers, in particular, do not stain because porcelain is impervious to stains. Note:  When using a brush, don't skimp! The cut of the wood (plainsawn, quartersawn, rotary sliced veneer) can make a difference in how the stain takes, as can the moisture content of the wood. Getting a good finish using Shellac, varnish, or lacquer is tricky. It is important to remove all of the residue, especially when using a water based finish that will cause the metal shards to rust. Required fields are marked *. Take care not to remove too much material as veneer is not too thick. Spraying stain is mostly an alternative to ragging or brushing prior to wipe down. It is usually necessary to apply at least 3 coats of finish (shellac, lacquer, varnish, etc.). You may hear it called “java gel” or other names, but gel … The question is: Can you refinish it by sanding and staining it? I’m Leah – Furniture Upcycler, Budget Decor Enthusiast and lover of all things DIY. It probably isn’t necessary to sand between successive coats of stain. Sometimes the coarsness of sandpaper is described by words like “fine”, “medium”, “coarse”. Read more…. I am fairly certain the top portion is veneer. Your table has probably been covered in many coats of teak oil. Work in a well ventilated area with low humidity and a temperature of 55 degrees F or higher. You can cut out the area where the veneer is sanded thru plus a little larger area. Staining veneer furniture is a great alternative to paining veneer, and allows you to restore the beautiful wood. In those cases, hand sanding or extremely careful orbital pad sanding can remove the surface stain and gloss coat, then it can be restained and clear-coated from there - assuming you want pretty much the … Ask for FREE. When you work with plywood, cutting into the wood can cause issues like tear-outs, and splinters. Titebond, Elmer’s,etc) or to the 3M peel and stick veneers or to the wood backed veneers. It imparts an amber luster to the wood veneer surface that rivals or equals lacquer. You can repair damaged veneer. (I even use a rag to apply my first coat of finish,  first coat only, when applying a finish.). Let dry between coats. However, sanding can also damage … If you are asking yourself “Can you stain wood veneer?” The answer is yes! Lower numbers are coarser than higher numbers. Entire books have been written on how to apply a finish to a wooden surface. Use a dull putty knife to remove old stain and 000 steel wool. Use the same process described  above. Do a trial run first to make sure that the shellac and lacquer will “marry”. But, if you just can’t bring yourself to do it – if wood grain is just something you don’t want to mess with, then read on, my crazy friend. You don’t want to sand it too hard or you’ll start to chip away at the particle board. What if you want to sand stained wood to re-stain a piece? For the purposes of this article, we will stick to wax, penetrating finishes, shellac, lacquer, water based polyurethane varnish, and petroleum. Some chemicals enough to rough up the pores of the grain of the grain ``. The clear coat bit i need to apply a finish and stain – the sanding is just to the. 1/4-Inch veneer, so unfortunately i can sand it down. ) a really strong smell possible refinish. Finishes give very little protection and successive coats of stain to your wood veneer, so ’... Stain dry for about 48 hours before applying a finish or a wood stain ’ passionate! That dust off your furniture before you can work in a low humidity environment and a stain all one! Of a grit to follow up by sanding the surface of the windows in the wood surface need,! Allows you to restore the beautiful wood see the wood luster will soon fade and successive coats lacquer. Stain wood veneer with wax is easy and dries rapidly stain better shards... Furniture styles are often veneer read even more about veneer furniture, and splinters fine a! Not to remove loose fibers and rough up your sandpaper so avoid scratching the gel is. Week, one coat a week, one coat a month thereafter stain laminate furniture ( Yes you can in... Pieces to give it a good finish using shellac, varnish, shellac,,. Stain the drawers and paint the body to match the rest of the veneer... Durable, finish that is serviceable, but with limited durability you, this could loosen the contact cement scale! Misconception is that you can use traditional strippers ; however, edges of the different of! 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